Important Treatment Options For Multiple Sclerosis Patients
Multiple sclerosis has affected close to 2.3 million people throughout the world. Multiple sclerosis is a neurological disease that affects the brain, the spine, and the eyes. It creates a scenario where your immune system attacks the protective coating around your nerves known as myelin. This results in nerve damage, inflammation and scar tissue. Its symptoms include trouble walking, difficulties in controlling the bladder or bowels, depression, muscle spasms, sight issues, pain and cognition problems. The main cause of multiple sclerosis remains unknown, but it has been attributed to infections, lifestyle choices like smoking, and genetics. There is no known cure for multiple sclerosis just like its cause. Scientists have yet come up with various multiple sclerosis medications that can help with the symptoms as well as stop the progress of the disease. By reading this website, you will be able to find out more about the medication that multiple sclerosis patients rely on.
Interferon beta drugs are part of a general class of medicines that emulate the naturally occurring proteins in our bodies that act as a defense system against infections. These drugs are common in the market under different brands. They were among the earliest treatments for multiple sclerosis and are still among the most common prescriptions currently. The main reason why they are used remains unknown though it is believed that they trigger the body to reduce the immune responses that lead to the attack on the patient’s myelin. They are self-injected, and the particular drug you are using determines how many injections you get.
Glatiramer acetate is an immunomodulator type of drug which targets explicitly the T-cells which are responsible for the attack on myelin. Glatiramer acetate can protect your myelin from any further damage by interacting directly with the T-cells. The prescription and drug determines how many times you inject the drug but it could either be on a daily basis or two to three times a week. Patients that use this drug are advised to take extra precautions during the flu season and keep high standards of cleanliness since it interferes with their immunity system leaving them prone to infections.
Corticosteroids works different6l from these other drugs mentioned before because it works differently. Most multiple sclerosis medications only try to control and get rid of the symptoms. Since multiple sclerosis leads to extensive inflammation which may cause pain, relapses and other symptoms. This a more short term drug that is used to reduce inflammation and reduce the severity of the relapses and symptoms during multiple sclerosis flare-ups.